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Toxicology / Nutrition

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Submission Fee:  A $10 submission fee is assessed on each case.

Specimen Guidelines:  The general specimen guidelines discussed below are usually suitable for detection of most toxicants; however, special considerations for individual chemical analyses are sometimes required.

Other Analytes:  The Toxicology/Nutrition lab has the analytical expertise and equipment to perform analysis on many other analytes not listed above.  Please contact the lab at 515-294-1950 for availability and pricing.

Fees for special requests:  Additional charges will apply for quantitation and/or confirmation testing when conducted upon request of the client.

Fees and tests are subject to change without notice.

QUICK LINKS

Submission Form

Fee Schedule

User Guide

 

 

 

 

4-Aminopyridine (Avitrol) Coliform bacteria  Lannate Pyrethroid insecticides
Aflatoxin Copper Lasalocid Ractopamine
Aflatrem Coumaphos Lead Ronnel
Ammonia Coumesterol Lindane Roquefortine
Amphetamine Custom Chemistry Magnesium  Ruelene
Ampicillin Cyanide Malathion Salinomycin
Antibiotics  Cyclopiazonic acid  Manganese Selenium
Anticoagulants Difenacoum Melengestrol acetate  Slaframine
Arsenic Difethialone Mercury   Sodium 
Barbiturates Dimethoate Methemoglobin  Strychnine 
Baygon Diphacinone Methoxychlor Sulfate 
Bone ash Di-syston Methyl Parathion Sulfonamides
Bone denisty DON Mevinphos Sulfone
Bone Profile Drugs of abuse MGA T2
Brodifacoum Ergopeptine alkaloids Mirex Temik
Bromodiolone Ergotamine Mocap Tetracyclines
Bux Ethylene glycol Moisture Thimet
Cadmium Ethyl Parathion Molybdenum Total dissolved solids
Caffeine Feed particle size Monensin Toxaphene
Calcium Famphur Mycotoxins Trace minerals
Canine CNS panel Fenthion Narasin  Tremorgens-mycotoxins
Carbaryl Fluoride Nicotine Tylosin
Carbadodox Fumonisin Nitrate Urea
Carbamate pesticides Fungicides Nitrite Virginiamycin
Carbon monoxide Furadan Nivalenol Vitamins
Carbophenothion GC/MS toxicant screen Ochratoxin  Vomitoxin
Carboxyhemoglobin Gossypol  Organophosphates Warfarin
Chlorinated hydrocarbons Heavy metals Oxalate Water quality
Chlorophacinone Hepachlor Oxytetracycline Zearalenol
Chlorpyrifos Herbcides PCBs Zearalenone
Cholinesterase Hormone-free panel Penicillin Zectran
Chromium Insecticides Penitrem A Zilpaterol
Ciodrin Ionophores pH Zinc
Clenbuterol Iron Phosphorus  
CNS panel Isofenphos Polychlorinated biphenyls   
Cobalt Landrin Potassium   

 

 4 - Aminopyridine (Avitrol)
FEE: $40.00
 

• stomach contents  50 g
• liver  50g
• bait  50g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  5-7 days
COMMENTS: Included in Canine CNS panel

 

 Ammonia (Ammonia-Nitrogen)
FEE: $30.00
 

• whole blood / serum 2 ml
• rumen contents 100g
• urine 2 ml
• aqueous humor 1ml

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  5-7 days
COMMENTS: Frozen (1-2 drops of saturated HgCl2 may be used instead of freezing rumen contents)

 

 Antibiotics
FEE:

$65 per individual antibiotic

SPECIMEN: • feed (including distillers grain) 100g
DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  5-7 days
COMMENTS:  Individual tests available for ampicilin, penicillin, tetracyclines (chlortetracycline, tetracycline, oxytetracycline), tylosin, virginiamycin.
  Other antibiotics & specimens available on request.  See Custom Chemistry.
SUBMISSION GUIDELINES: • See feed guidelines

 

 Anticoagulant rodenticide panel
FEE: $95.00

SPECIMEN:

• whole blood 4ml
• feed  200g
• liver  10g
• bait and/or other materials  10g
DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND: 5-7 days
PANEL INCLUDES:  Brodifacoum, Bromodiolone, Chlorophacinone, Difenacoum, Difethialone, Diphacinone, and Warfarin

  

 Arsenic
FEE: $25.00 - fluids
$30.00 - feed, tissue
SPECIMEN: • urine 5ml
• blood 5ml
• liver 10g
• feed  200g
• kidney 10g
DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  5-7 days
COMMENTS: Included in the Heavy Metals panel

 

 Bone Profile
FEE:

$75.00 ea. 1-4 samples
$50.00 ea. 5 or more

SPECIMEN: Whole 2nd rib preferred
DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND: 3-5 days
PANEL INCLUDES: Ash, Density, Calcium, Phosphorus

 

 Cadmium
FEE: $20.00 - fluids
$25.00 - feed, tissue
SPECIMEN: • feed  200g
• tissue  20g
DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND: 3-5 days
COMMENTS: • Included in the Trace Mineral panel and the Heavy Metals panel

 

 Caffeine
FEE: $40.00
SPECIMEN:

• stomach contents  50g
• liver  50g
• bait  50g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND: 5-7 days
COMMENTS: Included in Canine CNS panel

 

 Calcium
FEE: $20.00 - serum
$25.00 - feed, tissue, bone
SPECIMEN:  
 

• serum 2ml
• feed 200g
• bone - whole bone
• tissues  20g

DAYS TESTED:   
TURN-AROUND: 3-5 days
COMMENTS: Included in Trace Mineral Panel 
SUBMISSION GUIDELINES:
 
• See feed submission guidelines
• Serum must not be hemolyzed - separate from clot before transit

 

 Canine CNS panel
FEE: $75.00
SPECIMEN:

• stomach contents  50g
• liver  50g
• bait  50g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND: 5-7 days
PANEL INCLUDES: Nicotine, 4-aminopyridine (Avitrol), Caffeine, Strychnine
COMMENTS: Individual tests:  $40.00 ea

 

 Carbadox
FEE contact the lab for details
SPECIMEN:  • feed  200g
 

 

 Carbamate pesticide panel
FEE: $75.00
SPECIMEN:  • tissue  50g
• feed  200g
• stomach/rumen contents  50g
DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  5-7 days
PANEL INCLUDES: Baygon, Bux, Carbaryl, Furadan, Landrin 2,3,5 and Landrin 3,4,5, Lannate, Sulfone, Temik, Zectran
SUBMISSION GUIDELINES: See feed submission guidelines

 

 Carbon monoxide - carboxyhemoglobin
FEE: $40.00
  • whole blood  2-5ml
• fetal thoracic fluid 2-5ml
DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  5-7 days

  

 Chlorinated hydrocarbon panel
FEE: $120.00
SPECIMEN:  • brain (cerebrum) - half of brain
• stomach/rumen contents 50g
• liver 50g
• body fat 10g
• kidney 50g
• blood 5ml
• feed 200g
DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  5-7 days
PANEL INCLUDES: Aldrin, alpha-BHC, Chlordane, Dieldrin, Endosulfan I, Endosulfan II, Endrin, Hepachlor Epoxide, Heptachlor, Hexachlorobenzene, Lindane, Methoxychlor, Mirex, op DDD, op DDE, op DDT,  ppp DDD, pp DDE, pp DDT, Toxaphene 
SUBMISSION GUIDELINES: See feed submission guidelines

  

 Cholinesterase (AChE)
FEE: $25.00 - blood
$30.00 - brain
 

• whole blood 2ml
• brain (refrigerated or frozen), half of cerebrum

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:   same day

 

 Copper
FEE:  $20.00 - serum
$25.00 - feed, tissue, blood
SPECIMEN: 

• serum  2 ml
• water  100ml
• urine  5ml
• liver and kidney 20g
• feed 200g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:   3-5 days
COMMENTS:

• Included in Trace Mineral Panel and the Heavy Metals panel

SUBMISSION GUIDELINES: See feed submission guidelines

 

 Coumesterol
FEE: $85.00
SPECIMEN:  • feedstuffs (including cottonseed)  100g
• stomach/rumen contents  50g
DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  5-7 days

 

 Custom Chemistry
FEE:  $50.00/hr + materials
COMMENTS: The Toxicology/Nutrition lab has the analytical expertise and equipment to perform analysis on many other compounds not listed on this page.  Contact the lab for an analysis not seen here.

 

Cyanide
FEE:  $40.00
SPECIMEN: • whole blood 4ml
• liver 50g
• forage  50g
• silage 50g
• feed  50g
• other materials 100g
DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  5-7 days
SUBMISSION GUIDELINES: • Freeze specimens promptly in airtight container.
• Forage - see more info

 

 Drugs of abuse - amphetamine, barbiturates
FEE:  $65.00 and up

SPECIMEN: 

• serum  2-5ml
• urine  5ml
DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:   5-7 days

 

 Ergopeptine alkaloid panel
FEE $90.00
SPECIMEN: • feed, forage  20g
DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  5-7 days
PANEL INCLUDES: Ergovaline, Ergosine, Ergotamine, Ergocornine, Ergocryptine, and Ergocristine

 

 Ergovaline - quantitation
FEE:  $90.00
SPECIMEN: • feed, forage  20g
DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  5-7 days

 

 Ethylene glycol
FEE:  $50.00
SPECIMEN:

• serum 2ml
• stomach contents  50g
• bait  50g
• kidney  50g
• urine  5ml

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  5-7 days

 

 Feed particle size
FEE: $20.00
SPECIMEN: 

• feed 200g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days
COMMENTS:  Not for high-fat feeds.
SUBMISSION GUIDELINES: See feed submission guidelines

 

 Fluoride
FEE:  $100.00
SPECIMEN: 

• serum  2 ml
• urine  2ml
• bone - whole bone
• tissue  50g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  7-10 days
COMMENTS:  Representative of whole skeleton.

 

 Fungicides - see GC/MS screen

 

 GC/MS toxicant screen
FEE: 

$150.00

SPECIMEN: • feed  200g
• stomach contents  50g
• water  100ml
• serum  2ml
• tissues  50g
• other
TURN-AROUND:  7-10 days
COMMENTS: The Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectroscopy (GC/MS) screen offers the possibility of using libraries of mass spectra of more than 200,000 compounds. The GC/MS screen is capable of detecting organochlorines, organophosphates, carbamates, aliphatic hydrocarbons, industrial pollutants, disinfectants, antioxidants, miscellaneous pesticides, polycyclic aromatics, alkyl benzenes, some natural products, vitamins and some drugs.  If the matrix of interest is not listed please contact the lab for further information.

 

 Gossypol
FEE: $80.00
SPECIMEN:

• feed 200g
• stomach/rumen contents  50g 

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  7-10 days
SUBMISSION GUIDELINES: See feed submission guidelines

 

 Heavy Metals panel - whole blood
FEE: 

$50.00

SPECIMENS: • whole blood  2ml
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days
PANEL INCLUDES: Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead, Mercury

 

 Heavy Metals panel - feed or tissue
FEE: 

$55.00

  • feed 200g
• tissue 10g
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days
PANEL INCLUDES: Arsenic, Cadmium, Cobalt, Chromium, Lead, Mercury

 

 Herbicides - see GC/MS

 

 Hormone-free panel
FEE: $150.00
SPECIMEN: 

• feed  200g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  7-10 days
PANEL INCLUDES: Clenbuterol, MGA (Melengestrol acetate), Ractopamine, Zilpaterol
SUBMISSION GUIDELINES: See feed submission guidelines

 

 Ionophore panel
FEE:  $100.00

SPECIMEN: 

• feed  200g
 

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND: 3-5 days
PANEL INCLUDES: Lasalocid, Monensin, Narasin, Salinomycin
COMMENTS: Serum testing is also available, contact the lab for details.

 

 Iron
FEE: $20.00 - serum
$25.00 - feed, tissue

SPECIMEN: 

• serum 5ml
• feed  200g
• kidney or liver 50g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND: 3-5 days
COMMENTS: Included in Trace Mineral Panel
SUBMISSION GUIDELINES: See feed submission guidelines

 

 Lasalocid - see Ionophore panel

 

 Lead
FEE: $20.00 - blood
$25.00 - feed, tissues
SPECIMEN: 

• whole blood 2ml
• feed  200g
• kidney or liver 50g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND: same day
SUBMISSION GUIDELINES: See feed submission guidelines
COMMENTS: Included in the Heavy Metals panel

 

 Magnesium
FEE: $20.00 - serum
$25.00 - feed
SPECIMEN: 

• serum  2ml
• water  100ml
• feed  200g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days
COMMENTS: Included in Trace Minerals panel

 

 Manganese
FEE: $20.00 - serum
$25.00 - feed
SPECIMEN: 

• serum  2ml
• water  100ml
• feed  200g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days
COMMENTS: Included in Trace Minerals panel

 

 Mercury
FEE: $35.00
SPECIMEN: 

• whole blood  2ml
• feed 200g
• tissue 10g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days
COMMENTS: Included in the Heavy Metals panel

 

 Methemoglobin
FEE: $35.00
SPECIMEN:

 

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days

 

 MGA - Melengestrol acetate - see Hormone-free panel

  

 Moisture - percent loss on drying
FEE: $10.00
SPECIMEN:

• feed  20g
• tissue  20g
• other  20g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days

 

 Molybdenum
FEE: $25.00
SPECIMEN: 

• feed  200g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days
COMMENTS: Included in Trace Minerals panel
SUBMISSION GUIDELINES: See feed submission guidelines

 

 Monensin - see Ionophore panel

 

 Mycotoxin - Aflatoxin - liver
FEE: $100.00

SPECIMEN:      

• liver  20g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  7-10 days
MORE INFO: 

• aflatoxin
• mycotoxins

 

 Mycotoxin - Aflatoxin - milk
FEE: $150.00

SPECIMEN:     

• milk  100ml

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  7-10 days
MORE INFO: 

• aflatoxin
• mycotoxins

 

 Mycotoxins - LC/MS/MS panel
FEE: $100.00 - panel
$50 for Aflatoxin only
$50.00 - other individual mycotoxins
SPECIMEN: 

• feed 2lbs

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  5-7 days
PANEL INCLUDES: Aflatoxin B1, B2, G1, G2, Fumonisin B1, B2, B3, Nivalenol, Ochratoxin, T2, Vomitoxin, Zearalenone, Zearalenol
SUBMISSION GUIDELINES: See submission guidelines
SEE MORE INFO: • aflatoxin
mycotoxins

 

 Mycotoxin Tremorgens panel
FEE: $85.00
SPECIMEN: 

• feed 200g
• stomach/rumen contents  50g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  5-7 days
PANEL INCLUDES: Aflatrem,  Penitrem A, Ergotamine, Cyclopiazonic acid, Roquefortine

 

 Nicotine
FEE: $40.00
SPECIMEN: 

• stomach contents   50g
• liver  50g
• bait  50g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  5-7 days
COMMENTS: Included in Canine CNS panel

 

 Nitrate / Nitrite
FEE: $30.00 - fluids
$40.00 - feed, tissue
SPECIMEN: 

• water 50 ml
• eyeball or aqueous humor  2ml
• forage or silage 100g
• rumen contents 100g
• other materials 100g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days
COMMENTS:  Keep refrigerated
MORE INFO

Nitrate toxicity info
Nitrate testing video

 

 Organophosphate panel
FEE: $75.00
SPECIMEN: 

• feed  100g
• brain  - half
• stomach/rumen contents  50g
• whole blood  5ml

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days
COMMENTS:  Stomach and rumen should be composite samples.  See also cholinesterase.
PANEL INCLUDES: Carbophenothion, Chlorpyrifos, Ciodrin, Coumaphos, Counter, DDVP, Diazinon, Dimethoate, Di-syston, Dyfonate, EPN, Ethyl Parathion, Famphur, Fenthion, Isofenphos, Malathion, Methyl Parathion, Mevinphos, Mocap, Ronnel, Ruelene, Thimet
SUBMISSION GUIDELINES:

See feed submission guidelines

 

 Oxalate
FEE: $50.00
SPECIMEN: 

• fresh forage 6-8 plants
• kidney (fresh and fixed) - whole
   One kidney for large animals, both in small animals.

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days

 

 PCB - polychlorinated biphenyls
FEE: $120.00
SPECIMEN: 

• feed  200g
• serum  5ml
• tissue  20g
• fat  20g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  7-10 days
COMMENTS: PCBs - polychlorinated biphenyls, focusing on the common representative congener PCB-1260 (1,2,3-Trichloro-4-(2,3,4-trichlorophenyl) benzene)

 

 pH
FEE: $7.00
SPECIMEN: 

• stomach/rumen contents  50g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  2-4 days

 

 Pyrethroid insecticides - see GC/MS screen

 

 Selenium
FEE: $20.00 - blood, serum
$25.00 - liver, feed

SPECIMEN: 

• serum  2ml
• feed  200g
• whole blood  10ml
• liver  20g
• hair or hoof (chronic) 50g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days
COMMENTS: Included in Trace Minerals panel
SUBMISSION GUIDELINES:

See feed submission guidelines

 

 Slaframine
FEE: $100.00
SPECIMEN: 

• hay/forage  200g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  7-10 days

 

 Sodium
FEE: $20.00 - fluids
$25.00 - feed, tissue

SPECIMEN: 

• serum  2ml
• feed   200g
• brain (half) - fresh
• CSF  3ml
• eyeball

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND: 3-5 days
COMMENTS: Included in Trace Minerals panel

SUBMISSION GUIDELINES:

See feed submission guidelines

 

 Strychnine
FEE: $40.00
SPECIMEN: 

• stomach contents  50g
• liver  50g
• bait  50g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  5-7 days
COMMENTS: Included in Canine CNS panel

  

 Sulfate
FEE: $20.00 - water
$30.00 - feed

SPECIMEN: 

• water 100ml
• feed 100g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days

SUBMISSION GUIDELINES:

See feed submission guidelines

  

 Sulfonamide panel
FEE: $75.00
SPECIMEN: 

• feed 250g
• urine 10ml

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:   
PANEL INCLUDES: Sulfadimethoxine, Sulfamerazine, Sulfamethazine, Sulfapyridine, Sulfaquinoxline, and Sulfathiazole

SUBMISSION GUIDELINES:

See feed submission guidelines

 

 Tetracyclines - see Antibiotics

 

Total dissolved solids (TDS)
FEE: $8.00
SPECIMEN:

• water  100ml

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days
COMMENT: Included in Water quality panel

 

 Trace mineral panel by ICPMS - serum and water
FEE: $50.00
SPECIMEN: 

• serum  2ml
• water  100ml

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days
PANEL INCLUDES: 10 minerals: Ca, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Mo, P, Se, Zn
COMMENT: Individual minerals $25.00 each
SEE MORE INFO: See the ICPMS video

 

 Trace mineral panel by ICPMS - feed
FEE: $55.00
SPECIMEN:

• feed  200g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days
PANEL INCLUDES: 14 minerals: Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, P, Se, Zn
COMMENT: Individual minerals $25.00 each
SEE MORE INFO: See the ICPMS video

 

 Trace mineral panel by ICPMS - tissue
FEE: $55.00
SPECIMEN: 

• tissue  2g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days
PANEL INCLUDES:  14 minerals: Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, P, Se, Zn
COMMENT: Individual minerals $25.00 each
SEE MORE INFO: See the ICPMS video

  

 Urea
FEE: $40.00
SPECIMEN:

• feed 100g
• other materials 500g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  5-7 days
SUBMISSION GUIDELINES: • See feed submission guidelines
• All specimens should be froze

 

 Virginiamycin - see Antibiotics
FEE: $165.00

 

 Vitamins A or E
FEE: $20.00 - serum
$30.00 - liver
$100.00 - feed
SPECIMEN: 

• serum  2ml
• liver 100
• feed  200g

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days

  

 Vitamin D
FEE: $200.00 - liver, feed
SPECIMEN: 

• feed  200g
• liver  50g

DAYS TESTED:

 

TURN-AROUND: 

• feed - 7-10 days
• liver - contact lab for expected turnaround time

COMMENTS: Testing referred to outside laboratory

 

Vitamin D, 25 hydroxy - plasma/serum
FEE: $35.00
SPECIMEN:

• plasma  .5ml
• serum  .5ml

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND:  5-7 days
COMMENTS: Testing referred to outside laboratory

 

 Water quality panel - for livestock suitability
FEE: $40.00
SPECIMEN: 

• water  200ml

DAYS TESTED:  
TURN-AROUND: 3-5 days
PANEL INCLUDES: Nitrate/Nitrite, Total Dissolved Solids, Sulfates, Coliform bacteria

 

 Zinc
FEE: $20.00 - serum, urine
$25.00 - feed, tissue

SPECIMEN: 

• serum 2ml
• feed  200g
• liver or kidney 100g
• urine 5ml

DAYS TESTED: as needed  
TURN-AROUND:  3-5 days

SUBMISSION GUIDELINES:
 

feed submission guidelines
COMMENTS:  • For best results use special trace element collection tubes (royal blue stopper).  Others may be contaminated.
  • Included in Trace Minerals panel

Other analytes: The Toxicology/Nutrition lab has the analytical expertise and equipment to perform analysis on many other analytes not listed above.  Please contact the lab for availability and pricing.