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Therapeutic Modalities

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is commonly used for muscle strengthening, muscle re-education, improving muscle tone, enhancing function, pain control, edema reduction and muscle spasm reduction. 

Therapeutic ultrasound is another modality that can produce temperature changes deep in the tissues. It is used to increase range of motion of a joint, decrease contracture, relax muscle spasm or help with wound healing. 
Laser therapy which is the use of visible red or  infrared lights help improve wound healing, increases blood flow and cellular metabolism, decreases inflammation and promotes healing.