What is it?
Gastric dilatation volvulus in dogs is an acute and potentially fatal condition of uncertain etiology that results from a gastric malposition; it primarily affects large- and giant-breed dogs. Risk factors for developing GDV include breed, age, rapid eating, nervousness, and having a first-degree relative with a history of GDV. The condition is considered an emergency and requires immediate surgical intervention. In dogs, GDV-associated mortality rate estimates range from 15% to 43%. Early recognition of the condition combined with rapid gastric decompression, appropriate treatment for hypovolemic shock and reperfusion injury, and management of cardiac dysrhythmias decreases the risk of death associated with the disease.