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Karl Kraus

Karl Kraus
Karl Kraus

DVM, MS

Professor and Section Head, Small Animal Surgery
Veterinary Clinical Sciences
(515) 294-4900
2466 LVMC
Expertise / Research Area
Many aspects of orthopedic and neurosurgery, specifically TPLO or TTA repair of ruptured cranial cruciate ligaments, arthroscopy, fracture repair, laminectomy for intervertebral disk disease, repair of spinal fractures, hip replacements/triple pelvic osteotomy, correcting limb deformities, elbow conditions, and lameness.
Teaching
VCS 393: Principles of Surgery: General principles of surgery of companion animals
Education
DVM: Kansas State University, 1985
MS: University of Missouri, 1989
 
American College of Veterinary Surgeons, 1991
Selected Publications

Kraus KH, Gabbert NH, Johnson JE. Use of thermography in the diagnosis of aortic thrombosis in a dog. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 22:489-492, 1986.

 
Johnson GS, Kraus KH, Turrentine MA, Dean PW. DDAVP-induced increases in coagulation factor VIII and von Willebrand factor in the plasma of conscious dogs. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 9:370-375, 1986.
 
Kraus KH, Turrentine MA, Johnson GS. Multimeric analysis of von Willebrand factor before and after desmopressin acetate (DDAVP) administration intravenously and subcutaneously in male Beagle dogs. American Journal of Veterinary Research 48:1376-1379, 1987.
 
Jergens AE, Turrentine MA, Kraus KH, Johnson GS. Buccal mucosae bleeding times of healthy dogs and of dogs in various pathologic states, including thrombocytopenia, uremia, and von Willebrand's disease. American Journal of Veterinary Research 48:1337-1342, 1987.        
 
Jeannette MA da Silva Curiel, Kraus KH, Brown TP, Chastain CB. Nasal eosinophilic granuloma in a dog. . Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association  193:566-567, 1988.
 
Johnson GS, Turrentine MA, Kraus KH. Canine von Willebrand's disease: A heterogenous group of bleeding disorders. Vet Clin N Am 18:195-229, 1988.
 
Turrentine MA, Kraus KH, Johnson GS. Plasma from donor dogs, pretreated with DDAVP, transfused into a German Shorthair Pointer with type II von Willebrand's disease. Vet Clin N Am 18:275, 1988.
 
Kraus KH, Turrentine MA, Johnson GS. Use of DDAVP for management of surgical hemorrhage from a Doberman Pinscher with von Willebrand's disease. Vet Clin N Am 18:276, 1988.
 
Kraus KH, Butler LM, Pope ER. Paraparesis caused by epidural granuloma in a cat. . Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 194:789-790, 1989.
 
Kraus KH, Turrentine MA, Jergens AE, Johnson GS. Effect of Desmopressin acetate (DDAVP) on bleeding times and plasma von Willebrand's factor in Doberman Pinscher dogs with von Willebrand's Disease. Veterinary Surgery 18:103-109, 1989.
 
Kraus KH, Pope ER, O'Brien D, Hay BL. The effects of aortic occlusion on transcranially induced evoked potentials in the dog. Veterinary Surgery 19:341-347, 1990.
 
Kraus KH, O'Brien D, Pope ER, Hay BL. Evoked potentials induced by transcranial stimulation in dogs. American Journal of Veterinary Research 51:1732-1735, 1990.
 
Aronson E, Kraus KH, Smith J. The effect of anesthesia on the radiographic appearance of the coxofemoral joints. Veterinary Radiology 32:2-5, 1991.
 
Gugino LD, Kraus KH, Heino R, Aglio LS, Levy WJ, Cohn L, Maddi R. Peripheral ischemia as a complicating factor during somatosensory and motor evoked potential monitoring of aortic surgery. Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia 6:715-719, 1992.
 
Kraus KH, Gugino LD, Levy WJ, Cadwell J, Roth BJ. The use of a cap shaped coil for transcranial magnetic stimulation of the motor cortex. Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology 10:353-362, 1993.
 
*Spodnick GJ, Pavletic MM, Clark GN, Schelling SH, Kraus KH. Controlled tissue expansion in the distal extremities of dogs. Veterinary Surgery 22:436-443, 1993.
 
Cavallero JF, Kemp PD, Kraus KH. Collagen Fabric as Biomaterials. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 43:781-791, 1994.
 
*Sardinas JC, Pavletic MM, Ross JT, Kraus KH. Comparative viability of peninsular and island axial pattern flaps incorporating the cranial superficial epigastric artery in dogs. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association  207(4): 452-454, 1995.
 
*Sardinas JC, Kraus KH. Comparison of the holding power of 3.5-mm cortical versus 4.0-mm cancellous orthopedic screws in the pelvis of immature dogs (cadavers). American Journal of Veterinary Research  56:248-251, 1995.
 
*Trout JN, Pavletic MM, Kraus KH. Partial Scapulectomy in the management of sarcomas in three dogs and two cats. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 207(5):585-587, 1995.
 
Kraus BLH, Kirker-Head CA, Jakowski RM, Kraus KH, Seckel RR. The vascular supply of the deep digital flexor tendon within the digital sheath of the horse. Veterinary Surgery 24:102-111, 1995.
 
*Dixon BH, Tomlinson JL, Kraus KH. A modified distraction-stabilization technique for canine caudal cervical spondylomyelopathy using an inter body polymethyl methacrylate plug. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 208(1): 61-68, 1996.
 
Kraus KH. The pathophysiology of spinal cord injury and its clinical implications. Seminars in Veterinary Medicine and Surgery (small animal) 11:201-207, 1996.
 
Kraus KH, McDonnell J. Identification and management of brain tumors. Seminars in Veterinary Medicine and Surgery (small animal) 11:218-224, 1996.
 
Kraus KH, Welch JA, Levy WJ, Gugino VD, Wells MR. Partial regeneration of the sciatic nerve in rats enhances motor excitability to magnetic stimulation. Experimental Neurology 143:18-24, 1997.
 
*Welch JA, Kraus KH, Blundt D, Wells M, Weremovitz J. The Effect of Insulin Like Growth Factor and Platelet Derived Growth Factor on the Regeneration of Transected and Anastomosed Sciatic Nerve in Rats. American Journal of Veterinary Research 58:1033-1037, 1997.
 
Wells MR, Kraus KH, Batter DK, Blunt DG, Weremowitz J, Lynch SE, Antoniades HN, Hansson H-A. Gel matrix vehicles for growth factor application in nerve gap injuries repaired with tubes: A comparison with Biomatrix, collagen and methylcellulose. Experimental Neurology 146:395-402, 1997.
 
Kraus KH, Wotton HM, Rand WM. Mechanical Comparison of Two External Fixator Clamp Designs. Veterinary Surgery 27:224-230, 1998.
 
Kraus KH, Wotton HM, Schwartz LA, Boudrieau R, Diamond D, Minihan A. Type-II external fixation using new clamps and positive-profile threaded pins, for treatment of fractures of the radius and tibia in dogs. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 212(8):1267-1270, 1998
 
Bruder SP, Kraus KH, Goldberg VM, Kadiyala S. The effect of autologous mesenchymal stem cell implants on the healing of canine segmental bone defects. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 80-A:985-996;1998.
 
Bruder SP, Jaiswal N, Ricalton NS, Kraus KH, Kadiyala S. Mesenchymal stem cells in osteobiology and applied bone regeneration. Clinical Orthopedics and Related Research 355(suppl):S247-256;1998.
 
Kraus KH, Kadiyala S, Wotton HM, Kurth A, Shea M, Kirker-Head CA, Hayes WC, Bruder SP. Critically sized osteo-periosteal femoral defects: A dog model. Investigative Surgery  12:115-124;1998.
 
Kraus KH, Wotton HM. Effect of clamp type on four-pin type II external fixator stiffness. Veterinary Comparative Orthopedics and Traumatology, 12:178-82, 1999.
 
*Norris JL, Kraus KH. Effect of a supplemental plate on stiffness of type I external fixators. Veterinary Surgery, 31:133-137, 2002.
 
Aglio LS, Kraus KH, Desai S, Romero R, Ramirez M, Levy WJ, Gugino LD. Efficacious use of a cap shaped coil for transcranial magnetic stimulation of descending motor paths. Clinical Electroencephalography, 33(1):21-9, 2002.
 
Quintavalla J. Uziel-Fusi S. Yin J. Boehnlein E. Pastor G. Blancuzzi V. Singh HN. Kraus KH. O'Byrne E. Pellas TC. Fluorescently labeled mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) maintain multilineage potential and can be detected following implantation into articular cartilage defects. Biomaterials. 23(1):109-19, 2002.
 
*Kowaleski MP, Marston MT, Kraus KH. Nonlinear increasing axial gap stiffness in type II external skeletal fixation: A mechanical study. Veterinary Surgery. 32 (2): 120-127, 2003.
 
Arinzeh TL, Peter SJ, Archambault MP, van den Bos C, Gordon S, Kraus KH, Smith A, Kadiyala S. Allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells regenerate bone in a critical-sized canine segmental defect. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 85A(10):1927-35, 2003.
 
Murphy JM, Boynton RE, Fink DJ, Kraus KH, Hunziker EB, Barry FP. Caprine experimental osteoarthritis: An effective model for evaluation of therapeutic protocols. Osteoarthritis (Submitted 2003)
 
*Whelan M, McCarthy R, Boudrieau RJ, Kraus KH. Increased sacral screw purchase minimizes screw loosening in canine triple pelvic osteotomy. Veterinary Surgery. 33:609-614, 2004.
 
*Balara JM, McCarthy RJ, Boudrieau RJ, Kraus KH. Mechanical performance of a screw-type veterinary suture anchor subjected to single load to failure and cyclic loads. Veterinary Surgery. 33:615-619, 2004.
 
Brodke D, Pedrozo HA, Kapur TA, Attawia M, Kraus KH, Holy CE, Kadiyala S, Bruder SP. Bone grafts prepared with selective cell retention technology heal canine segmental defects as effectively as autograft. Journal of Orthopedic Research, 24(5):857-866, 2006.
 
Kraus KH, Kirker-Head CA. Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Bone Regeneration. Veterinary Surgery, 35:232-242, 2006.
 
*Gorman SC, Kraus KH, Keating JH, Tidwell AS, Rand WM, Parkington JD, Boudrieau RJ. In vivo axial dynamization of canine tibial fracture using the Securos external skeletal fixation system. Veterinary Comparative Orthopedics and Traumatology 18:199-207, 2005.
 
Kirker-Head CA, Kraus KH. Bone Morphogenetic Proteins: Discovery, Development, Existing and Potential Applications for the Augmentation of Bone Regeneration. JAVMA 231(7):1039-1055, 2007.
 
*Carlson K, Kowaleski MP, Kraus KH. Nonlinear stiffness profiles of external fixators constructed with composite rods. Veterinary Surgery, 35:700-704, 2006
 
*Weh JM, Kraus KH. Use of four pin and PMMA fixation in L7 and the iliac body to stabilize lumbosacral fracture-luxations: A clinical and anatomic study. Veterinary Surgery 36:775-782, 2007.
 
*DeTora M, Kraus K. Mechanical testing of 3.5mm locking and non-locking bone plates. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 21(4):318-322, 2008.
 
Books
Necas A, Kraus HK, Dvorak M. Onemocneni torakolumbalni patere. (Thoracolumbar spinal cord diseases). VFU Brno, Brno, 2003.
 
Kraus KH, Toombs J, Ness M. External fixation in small animal practice. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, 2003. Japanese translation, 2007.
Necas A, Beale BS, Kraus KH. Ruptura kranialniho zkrizeneho vazu u psu (Rupture of the cranial cruciate ligament). VFU Brno, Brno, 2004.
 
CHAPTERS IN TEXTBOOKS
Kraus KH. Traumatic abdominal hernias. In Bojrab MJ. (ed). Current Techniques in Small Animal Surgery. 3rd. ed. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, 1989.pp. 449-453.
 
Kraus KH. Umbilical hernias. In Bojrab MJ. (ed). Current Techniques in Small Animal Surgery. 3rd. ed. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, 1989. pp.438-439.
 
Kraus KH.  Tension band wire technique. In Bojrab MJ. (ed). Current Techniques in Small Animal Surgery. 3rd. ed. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, 1989. pp.815-816.
 
Kraus KH.  The carpal flexion bandage. In Bojrab MJ. (ed). Current Techniques in Small Animal Surgery. 3rd. ed. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, 1989. pp. 911.
 
Kraus KH, Johnson GS. Von Willebrand's Disease in Dogs. In Kirk RW. (ed). Current Veterinary Therapy X: Small Animal Practice. W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1989. pp.446-450.
 
Garlock SM, Kraus KH. Abnormal Hemostasis. In Bojrab MJ. (ed). Disease Mechanisms in Small Animal Surgery. 2nd ed. W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1993. pp. 32-43.
 
Kraus KH. Hemostasis. In Bojrab MJ. (ed). Disease Mechanisms in Small Animal Surgery. 2nd ed. W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1993.343-346.
 
Kraus KH. Thromboembolic disease. In Bojrab MJ. (ed). Disease Mechanisms in Small Animal Surgery. 2nd ed. W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1993. 347-349.
 
Kraus KH. Acute Management of Open Fractures including Gunshot, Shearing and Degloving Wounds. In Kirk RW and Bonagura JD. (eds). Current Veterinary Therapy XI: Small Animal Practice. W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1992. pp. 154-168.
 
Kraus KH. Bone Healing. In Harari (ed). Wound Healing and Infection in Small Animal Surgery. W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1993. pp.203-222.
 
Kraus KH, Levy WJ, Gugino LD, Ghaley R, Amassian VE. Clinical application of transcranial magnetic stimulation for intraoperative monitoring of the spinal cord and mapping of the motor cortex. In Ueno S, (ed). Magnetic Stimulation. Plenum Press, New York, 1994, pp 59-73.
 
Levy WJ, Kraus KH, Gugino LD, Ghaley R, Amassian VE. Transcranial magnetic evoked potential monitoring. In Loftus CM and Traynelis VC (eds). Intraoperative monitoring Techniques in Neurosurgery. McGraw Hill Inc., New York, 1994.pp. 251-256.
 
Levy WJ, Kraus KH, Gugino LD, Ghaly R, Draughn L, O'Mahoney T. Electrophysiological Monitoring: Spinal Surgery. In Andrews RJ (ed) Intraoperative Neuroprotection. Williams &Wilkins, Baltimore, MD, 1996, pp. 341-373.
 
Kraus KH. Tension band wiring. In. Bojrab MJ (ed) Current Techniques in Small Animal Surgery. 4th ed. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 1998. Pp. 925-927.
 
Kraus KH. Medical management of acute spinal cord injury. In Kirk RW and Bonagura JD. (eds). Current Veterinary Therapy XIII: Small Animal Practice. W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 2000. Pp. 186-190.
 
Gugino LD, Aglio LS, Potts G, GrimsonWEL, Shenton ME, Kiginis R, Alexander E, Ettinger GL, Cote WA, Leventon ME, Kraus KH, Sprung LJ, Black PM. Perioperative Use of Transcranial magnetic stumlation. In Loftus CM and Batjer HH. (eds). Techniques in neurosurgery. Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia (In press 2001).
 
Kraus KH. Intraoperative spinal cord monitoring. In Slatter D. (ed). Textbook of Small Animal Surgery. Saunders, Philadelphia, 2003. Pp. 1108-1117.
 
Attawia M, Kadiyala S, Fitzgerald K, Kraus KH, Bruder SP. Cell-Based approaches for bone graft substitutes. In Laurencin CT, (ed). Bone Graft Substitutes. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. 2003. Pp. 126-141.
 
Kraus KH, Weh JM. Hemilaminectomy of the caudal thoracic and lumbar spine. In Bojrab MJ. (ed). Current Techniques in Small Animal Surgery. Teton NewMedia, Jackson, WY. 
2006, (In press).
 
Kraus KH. The Securos External Fixator System. In Bojrab MJ. (ed). Current Techniques in Small Animal Surgery. Teton NewMedia, Jackson, WY. 2006, (In press).
 
Kraus KH. The Tension Band Wire Techniques. In Bojrab MJ. (ed). Current Techniques in Small Animal Surgery. Teton NewMedia, Jackson, WY. 2006, (In press).
 
Kraus KH, Ness M. The SOP Locking Plate System. In Bojrab MJ. (ed). Current Techniques in Small Animal Surgery. Teton NewMedia, Jackson, WY. 2006, (In press).
 
 
 
Memberships
American Veterinary Medical Association
Iowa Veterinary Medical Association