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Vesiculating Viral Diseases

Disease Family-genus of virus Other animals affected Comments
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD)

Picornaviridae

Aphthovirus

Most ruminants, wild and domestic.  Several lab and wild animals. US free of FMD.  Eradicated nine times from US.
Vesicular stomatitis (VS)

Rhabdoviridae

Vesiculovirus

Cattle, horses, certain wildlife, humans. Enemic in Carolinas, Georgia.  Periodic epidemics in manyther states.
Vesicular exanthema (VE)
San Miguel sea lion virus (SMSLV)

Caliciviridae

Calicivirus

Swine, sea lions, opal eye fish, several kinds of seals and other marine animals. No VE since 1956. SMSLV in marine animals off coast of California may be a threat to swine.
Swine vesicular disease

Picornaviridae

Enterovirus

Swine; occasionally humans Never in US.  Last outbreak in Italy, 1995.

 


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