Maria Clavijo

Education & Certifications  

PhD, Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 2014
DVM, Universidad Central de Venezuela, 2009

Research Focus & Interests  

Dr. Clavijo’s research efforts center on furthering knowledge on the ecology and epidemiology of swine bacterial agents by improving their surveillance in pig populations, refining gilt acclimatization strategies, and pig flow management as control strategies.

Honors & Awards  
1st Place – Practice Tips session at the American Association of Swine Veterinarians annual meeting 2019. “Tracheo-bronchial sampling for M. hyopneumoniae detection in live pigs”
2009. Student session oral presentation: Scholarship awarded by the American Association of Swine Veterinarians at the 40th Annual Meeting 2009 ($1500).
2008. Student session oral presentation: Scholarship awarded by the American Association of Swine Veterinarians at 39th Annual Meeting 2008 ($1500).

M. hyopneumoniae breeding herd status classification committee (PI)

  • American Association of Swine Veterinarians (AASV)-Emerging & Transboundary diseases committee
  • Iowa Veterinary Medical Association (IVMA)
  • Iowa Pork Producers Association (IPPA)
  • American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians (AAVLD)
Selected Publications  
1. Poeta Silva APS, Magtoto RL, Souza Almeida HM, McDaniel A, Magtoto PD, Derscheid RJ, Merodio MM, Matias Ferreyra FS, Gatto IRH, Baum DH, Clavijo MJ, Arruda BL, Zimmerman JJ, Giménez-Lirola LG. Performance of commercial Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae serum ELISAs under experimental and field conditions. J Clin Microbiol. 2020 Sep 23:JCM.00485-20. doi: 10.1128/JCM.00485-20. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32967897.

2. Clavijo MJ, Sreevatsan S, Johnson TJ, Rovira A. Molecular epidemiology of Mycoplasma hyorhinis porcine field isolates in the United States. PloS one. 2019 Oct 21;14(10):e0223653.

3. Chen X, Resende‐De‐Macedo N, Sitthicharoenchai P, Sahin O, Burrough E, Clavijo M, Derscheid R, Schwartz K, Lantz K, Robbe‐Austerman S, Main R. Genetic characterization of Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus associated with high swine mortality in United States. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 2019 Dec 12.

4. Clavijo MJ, Davies P, Morrison R, Bruner L, Olson S, Rosey E, Rovira A. Temporal patterns of colonization and infection with Mycoplasma hyorhinis in two swine production systems in the US. Vet Microbiol. 2019 July 234 p 110-118.

5. Clavijo, MJ., Oliveira S., Murray D., Rovira, A. 2017. Infection dynamics of Mycoplasma hyorhinis in three commercial pig populations. Vet records 10.1136/vr.104064.

6. Clavijo MJ, Oliveira S, Zimmerman J, Rendahl A, Rovira A. 2014. Field evaluation of a quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay for Mycoplasma hyorhinis. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2014 Nov;26(6):755-60.

7. Dos Santos LF, Clavijo MJ, Sreevatsan S, Rovira A, Moreira MA, Pieters M. 2015. Genotyping of Mycoplasma hyorhinis using multiple-locus variable number tandem repeat analysis. J Microbiol Methods. 2015 Apr;111:87-92.

8. Rovira A, Clavijo MJ, Oliveira S. 2010. Mycoplasma hyorhinis infection of pigs. Acta Sci Vet 38 (Supl 1):s9-s15.